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This document reviews the Joyce Foundation's 25-year history of grant making to advance gun violence prevention research. Since 1993, the Joyce Foundation has provided support to researchers who have produced hundreds of scientific publications and innumerable insights about gun violence in the United States, and its solutions. This is necessarily an incomplete accounting, but provides an approximate measure of the unique impact of the Joyce Foundation's grant making during a critical time period when few other private or public funders supported the field.
In 2019 and 2020, Arnold Ventures and the Joyce Foundation released separate yet complementary reports on the topic of gun violence in the United States. Both reports reflect the work of expert advisory panels tasked with identifying gaps in gun violence information, but each considers different challenges. Arnold Ventures engaged NORC at the University of Chicago to facilitate an Expert Panel to consider the existing gun violence data infrastructure. At the same time, the Joyce Foundation engaged an advisory panel of scientific experts (Expert Advisory Panel) to consider the gun violence research agenda. Taken together, these reports: 1) frame the topic of gun violence as a common, widespread, and costly problem in urban, suburban, and rural areas; 2) provide evidence to support that gun violence affects adults and children and is among the leading causes of preventable death and injury; 3) assert that gun violence research and the data infrastructure supporting that work is under-funded by the federal government; and 4) recommend that policymakers take several actions to combat gun violence. Overall, the NORC Expert Panel and the Joyce Foundation's Expert Advisory Panel conclude that there are significant gaps in gun violence information which weaken the ability of policymakers to address the problem of gun violence in the United States. Arnold Ventures and the Joyce Foundation commissioned Health Management Associates (HMA) to conduct a cost estimate of the federal government implementing the recommendations of these two reports. HMA conducted its cost estimate as an independent third-party with the autonomy to evaluate all aspects of the data infrastructure recommendations and research agenda dimensions.
This report outlines key areas of focus for public and private sector efforts to build the science of gun violence prevention with actionable findings for policy makers and practitioners over the next five years. The report was written in collaboration with an advisory panel of scientific experts and includes input from dozens of researchers in the field.Against the backdrop of a national surge of gun violence and gun purchasing during the COVID-19 pandemic, the report arrives at a moment of optimism for gun violence research efforts. Congress recently renewed $25 million in funding for those efforts, and the incoming federal administration has committed to comprehensively addressing gun violence as a public health epidemic.The renewed federal funding into gun violence research is a good start, but there is much more to learn about reducing gun deaths and injuries in the U.S. The report identifies key questions in 10 dimensions of gun violence:1) Firearm suicide 2) Community-based gun violence 3) Intimate partner violence 4) Shootings by law enforcement 5) Mass shootings 6) Unintentional shootings 7) Impacts of lawful gun ownership 8) Gun access during high-risk periods 9) Racial disparities and the criminal justice system 10) Firearm-related technology.
Groundbreaking research by Benenson Strategy Group (BSG) and Lester and Associates was released on April 28, 2016 alongside a policy roadmap that lays out a series of proposed policy solutions for gun violence based on conversations with community stakeholders in Richmond, VA, Milwaukee, WI, and Stockton, CA. The research and report grew out of a project launched last year by The Joint Center for Economic and Political Studies, The Urban Institute and The Joyce Foundation. The study found that African Americans and Latinos believe that fixing the gun violence crisis in the United States is a pathway to addressing issues with the criminal justice system, including police-community relationships and mass incarceration.